Exploring the Ancient Ruins of Machu Picchu: My Peruvian Travel Diary


Deep in the mountains of the Peruvian Andes lies one of the most iconic ancient sites in the world – Machu Picchu. For centuries, this mysterious Incan citadel has mesmerized travelers and adventurers alike with its breathtaking views and ancient secrets. After months of planning, I finally made the long-awaited journey to explore this unparalleled archaeological wonder and share my experience through this personal Peruvian travel diary.

1. Witnessing the Mysteries of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is an ancient Incan city, nestled into the cloudforest on a secluded mountain ridge known as the Urubamba Valley in the Andes Mountains. Surrounded by towering granite peaks, lush rainforest, and terraced lowlands; this archaeological wonder is a sight to behold. Visiting Machu Picchu is an experience like no other – when you make the pilgrimage to this awe-inspiring and mysterious ancient city, you feel like you’ve uncovered a lost world lost in time.

  • Walking Through the Ruins – Exploring the interior of this timeless site is nothing short of incredible. Wander the narrow passageways, beneath the arches of the ancient walls, and take in the timeless beauty and craftsmanship of the Incan peoples who built this marvel.
  • Discovering the Mysteries – Throughout your undertaking, you’ll collect clues as to the identity and lifestyle of the people who inhabited the city in its heyday. Learn about the various rituals and traditions that were practiced by the natives centuries ago, and marvel at their engineering prowess as you discover archaeological sites across the ridgeline.
  • Enjoying the Scenic View – One of the greatest wonders of Machu Picchu is simply soaking in the view. The panoramic views of the surrounding mountains and the sweeping cultural landscape will take your breath away.

Machu Picchu is an essential destination for any intrepid travelers looking to explore the depths of South America’s heritage. It’s a journey like no other – one that will leave you with a newfound appreciation for the natural beauty and profound cultural significance of this mysterious and mystical part of the world.

2. An Immersive Journey Through Peru’s History

Explore Peru’s captivating past through its diverse cultural sceneries with an immersive journey through its vivid history. Feel like a time-traveler in Peru’s captivating past.

The Incas: Journey to the very peak of Peru’s history — explore the Sacred Valley of the Incas, an ancient village lifeline to the mythical Inca state. Stroll along cobblestone paths for a first-hand encounter with the homeland of the indigenous culture. Sightsee world-renowned archaeological sites such as Machu Picchu and Ollantaytambo, the last Inca settlement still occupied by its inhabitants.

Inquisition Inquisition: Travel to 17th century Peru for a near-intimate experience with baroque Spanish colonial art and architecture. Skip centuries back in time, and witness first-hand the legacy of the Spanish Inquisition. Dive in to the tumultuous era with visits to churches and convents in Lima, Cusco and Arequipa, admiring the intricate craftsmanship.

The Afro-Peruvian experience: Discover Peru’s rich Afro-Peruvian heritage, including the country’s unique fusion of African and Latin music. Take a trip along Peru’s coast to learn about some of Peru’s most iconic legends, while listening to the stories and musical wonders of its exceptional African heritage.

3. Soaking Up the Magic of the Sacred Valley

The Sacred Valley of Peru welcomes visitors with its majestic views, ancient ruins, and centuries of cultural history. Exploring its mountains, rivers, and surrounding areas can be an unforgettable experience. Here are just a few of the ways to explore the Magic of the Sacred Valley:

  • Take a scenic drive through Urubamba Valley to experience the Sacred Valley from the comfort of your car. Admire sweeping views of preserved colonial towns and lush countryside.
  • Trek through Peru’s mountains and explore the ruins of the Incas including Ollantaytambo, Pisac, and Moray.
  • Visit a local market to get a sense of daily life and browse among traditional handicrafts.
  • Climb the iconic Huayna Picchu as an act of contemplation and to get panoramic views of the entire valley.
  • Boat along the Urubamba River and experience Peru’s nature up close.

Take the Scenic Route

For those wanting to take it slow, you can drive through the Sacred Valley to see the rolling hills, valleys, and hillsides. Many roads stretch alongside the valley, making it an ideal exploration route.

Visit the Inca Sites

Dotted throughout the valley are many ancient Inca ruins, the most famous of which is Machu Picchu. Built in the 15th century and rising 3000 meters above sea level, no visitor’s journey is complete without a visit there. Other notable sites include Ollantaytambo, Pisac, and Moray – all featuring grand structures used by the Incas centuries ago.

Explore the Local Markets

Exploring the local markets of the Sacred Valley is an eye-opening experience. Shopkeepers display handmade products crafted from local ingredients and traditions, many that have been passed down for generations. From fabric and weavings to fruits and vegetables, you will get a better understanding of how the locals live and discover the handmade products that define their culture.

4. Capturing the Spirit of the Incan Empire

The Inca Empire was almost as old as the civilization of the Americas itself. It was one of the few indigenous cultures to survive centuries of Spanish colonialism, becoming a powerful civilization that boasting vast wealth, social organization and advanced technological achievements.

  • Skilled engineering, including the famous terracing of their fields.
  • Lesser known was their genius irrigation techniques and drainage system.
  • Impressive construction efforts, such as their enormous walls and the mystical ruins of Machu Picchu.

Today, the ceremonies, music and dress of the Incas provide a visual reminder of their past prowess. In the markets of Cusco, the former capital of the Inca empire, tourists can purchase souvenirs that offer a glimpse into their once powerful empire. Hand-woven textiles in traditional colors and patterns are sold alongside replicas of pottery vessels and intricate jewelry.

The Incan spirit lives on in the music of the Andes, which combines sacred Incan rhythms with Spanish harmonies. The sound of the pan flute and the haunting melody of the charango are an almost spiritual representation of the valor and courage of the Incas. One can almost hear the echoes of Incan warriors whose culture and spirit endured Spanish oppression for centuries in the Andean flute.

The Incas may be gone, but their spirit remains alive and strong in the modern echoes of their music and culture.

Drawing my travels in Peru to a close, I left the ancient ruins of Machu Picchu still in awe at what I had seen. From the breathtaking views overlooking the valleys to the intricate rock formations of the sacred city, the state of wonder and awe I have experienced here I hope I will hold onto for years to come. All in all, I would recommend exploring the ruins of Machu Picchu to anyone with a sense of adventure and a desire to journey to a place truly unlike any other.


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